The area of Kaštela has, due to a favourable climate and fertile land, been inhabited since the Neolithic age. Evidence for this can be found in the so-called "Mujina” cave, in today's area of Resnik. In ancient times, this area was popular among Roman veterans who have lived in their villas and on the land enriched by Mediterranean cultures, which was given to them as a retirement/pension.
Because of the Ottoman invasion in the 15th and 16th century, the Split and Trogir nobility started building fortresses in which the villagers could hide and defend themselves. Although, more them sixteen fortress-palaces were built originally, only around seven of them developed slowly but steadily into what is today known as the town Kaštela. Each settlement consisted of a fortification and a village with properly arranged farmhouses within the village walls. In the centre was the village square, where the streets intersected at right angles. The castle/fortification was usually built on a reef or a cliff, and connected with the settlement by a drawbridge.
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